In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent and Merciful
Twentieth century, as it is remembered for its world wars and the major shuffling of authorities from the political point of view also witnessed the rise of the true Islamic government in Iran that resulted in the toppling of the 2500 years old Pahlavi regime. The tyrannical ruler Shah Reza Pahlavi sold the country in the hands of United States, while his own people suffered the financial crunch and faced misery. Not just the financial sufferings, the culture too paralyzed owing to the import of westernized ideology. Discontent kept growing among the common people, while the upper class completely adopted the western culture and ideology. During the 1970s, the gap between Iran's rich and poor grew. Distrust of the Shah's economic policy and resentment of his autocratic style fueled dissent against his regime. As the 1970s drew to a close, a series of large-scale, increasingly violent anti-Shah protests swept Iran under the leadership of Great Ayatollah Imam Khomeini.
The major factor that gave the mass political action was the Martyrdom factor. It was the inspiration from the martyrs of Karbala that helped the Iranian people to stand against the ruthless force of Shah's regime backed by American allies. Millions of unarmed citizens took the streets wearing white shrouds ready to embrace martyrdom. The undying spirit of the people led to the downfall of the US-backed Pahlavi regime.
On the 22nd of Bahman, 1357 of the Iranian calendar marked the ending of the tyrannical rule and led to the formation of Islamic Republic. Ayatollah Khomeini won a landslide victory in the national referendum and was appointed Iran's political and religious leader for life. Imam Khomeini established a new political system based on Islamic values, martyrdom, and democracy. The after revolution period witnessed the development of Iran as a strong country imbibed with the principles laid down by Imam Khomeini. He laid down the system of clerical rule to prevent injustice, corruption, oppression by the powerful over the poor and weak, innovation and deviation of Islam and Sharia law; and also to destroy anti-Islamic influence and conspiracies by non-Muslim foreign powers. Imam Khomeini believed that Iran should strive towards self-reliance. He viewed certain elements of Western culture as being inherently decadent and a corrupting influence upon the youth. His ultimate vision was for Islamic nations to converge together into a single unified power, in order to avoid alignment with either side (the West or the East), and he believed that this would happen at some point in the near future.
Imam took several initiatives for the Muslim unity like the celebration of “Unity week" and “Quds day" for the revival of Palestinian rights. His initiatives and ideology are still cherished by his followers and is still reflected in the position of Iran and its influence on the world politics. The way in which Iran has been supporting the middle eastern countries to fight back with terrorist organizations as well as not allowing countries like America to meddle with their internal affairs, gives the essence of still imbibed Imam's ideology. Be it responding to the illegal ban on Muslims or taking the stand against oppression, Iran is leading the squad.